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About New Mexico

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New Mexico

New Mexico is also usually considered one of the Mountain States. With a population density of 16 per square mile, New Mexico is the sixth-most sparsely inhabited U.S. state.

Formerly a Spanish colony after conquistadors arrived in the 16th century, then a Mexican colony until the Mexican-American War of the 1840s, and then an American territory until New Mexico achieved statehood in 1912, New Mexico still has a large native Spanish-speaking population as well as many Native American communities, offering a unique culture that clearly stands apart from that of other states.

Spanish is the official second language. New Mexico has a fantastic natural scenery, a major fine arts scene centered around Santa Fe, great outdoor recreational opportunities, and a distinctive regional cuisine.

Understanding New Mexico starts with grasping the overpowering importance of two of its geological features: the Rio Grande, which bisects the state north to south, and the nearby Sangre de Cristo Mountains, southernmost range of the Rocky Mountains and a part of the same large-scale geological structure that produces the Rio, the "Rio Grande rift." The eastern third of the state is an extension of the Great Plains both geographically and culturally and has more in common with the western parts of Texas and Oklahoma than with the rest of New Mexico.

The New Mexico horse industry produces goods and services valued at $503 million. The national industry has a $759 million impact on the New Mexico economy when the multiplier effect of spending by industry suppliers and employees is taken into account. 91,100 New Mexicans are involved with horses, either as horse owners, service providers, employees, or volunteers. Even more participate as spectators. The New Mexico horse industry directly provides 35,700 full-time equivalent jobs. Spending by suppliers and employees (in New Mexico and other states) generates additional jobs in New Mexico for a total employment impact of 45,000. There are 147,000 horses in New Mexico, over 60 percent of which are involved in showing and recreation.

  New Mexico in Numbers :
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img Horse Population : Approximately 65,000
img Total Economic Impact: $ -- billion
img Capital : Santa Fe
img Population : 1,928,384
img Land area : 121,356 sq. miles
img Counties : 33
img Highest Point : Wheeler Peak:  13,161 feet
img Lowest Point : Red Bluff lake : 2,817 feet
img 10 largest Cities:
 
  • Albuquerque: 494,236
  • Las Cruces: 82,671
  • Santa Fe: 70,631
  • Rio Rancho: 66,599
  • Roswell: 45,199
  • Farmington: 43,161
  • Alamogordo: 36,245
  • Clovis: 33,357
  • Hobbs: 29,006
  • Carlsbad: 25,300
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